Scientists Simplifying Science


Srinivas Aluri

Srinivas Aluri has 3 articles published.

CSG LinkedIN Discussions

in That Makes Sense by

In an initiative to alert and engage members of the forum, the Career Support Group (CSG) for STEM PhDs had started an awareness campaign in August (2016) to improve their networking, presence and appearance on LinkedIN. We thank our members who have contributed for various suggestions and posts. Here is a briefing of all that was shared.

Are you new to LinkedIN? Want to know how to organize the profile and get the competitive advantage. We list a 15 points which will be helpful in creating and maintaining a competitive LinkedIN profile.

  1. Profile Picture: Don’t use profile pictures wearing shades, no full-size profile picture, use your single portrait image for the profile, not with your pets or friends. More info at
  2. Name: Include your full name, followed by degree or your specialization. Make sure your name appears when your name types on google, at least along with the specialization.
  3. Profile (include education, experience, honors, awards): Keep an up to date profile-avoid being unscrupulous. Under each section of your degree, summarize what were the major achievements. Year gaps are unavoidable at times, but be honest. If you are anticipating a gap in near future, enroll for a course or internship – create an impression that you are engaged and targeted towards your goal.
  4. Courses, volunteering and other interests: List all the courses and volunteering you have done at undergraduate, graduate and at any level. Everyone must have done some volunteering at any level, make sure to include.
  5. Skills: Add all the skills you have. Move the best skills to the top. Request people to endorse you for the skills which would help attracting the recruiters. Write a formal mail or short message or post on social media. Don’t forget sending a ‘thank you’ note for people who endorsed you.
  6. Recommendations: Ask your peers, mentors, colleagues or your mentees to recommend you on LinkedIN. Write to them asking you to recommend, in turn you can recommend them. Be honest in recommending, unlike a regular quid pro quo.
  7. Connections: Connect with colleagues, peers, mentors and mentees. Try to connect with people who are in your area of interest; send them a formal request rather than just sending a request as friend.
  8. Sharing and following on LinkedIN: LinkedIn is not Facebook; please don’t share unnecessary things. If you “like” some post on LinkedIn, it would be visible on the wall of your connections. So think before you like. Follow peers, companies and organizations of your interest.
  9. Premium account: More job postings are visible/available on premium account. What if you don’t want to buy premium and still want to take advantage? Premium account is free for a month; you can apply as many jobs as possible by using this facility in that month.
  10. Keep your momentum going: Keep in mind if you “like” some post at LinkedIn that would be visible on the wall of your connections. So think before you like. Same for making a comment which is also visible to your connections, think before you write a comment.
  11. Keep “who viewed your profile” option on, if you visit someone’s profile they should know you have visited and vice versa. Hiding the profile and stalking someone is not recommended.
  12. Send invitation requests, but if not accepted do not send repeated request.
  13. Read 10-20 minutes on topic of your choice on LinkedIN
  14. Try to learn at least one new thing in a week. In interviews it is not an uncommon question.
  15. Reach out to at least one connection per week


About the Author:


Srinivas Aluri is postdoc at Albert Einstein College, NY. He is a fitness enthusiast, exercise and diet expert. He is also an international sports science association certified fitness trainer as well as American Heart Association’s CPR/AED certified professional.

Edited by Abhinav Dey

Photo source: Wikipedia

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The question: Burning excess calories post exercise

in SciWorld/That Makes Sense by

Combining resistance and endurance exercises potentiates fat loss and muscle hypertrophy

You don’t burn calories while working out alone, body continues to burn calories even after the cessation of the workout. It was attributed to excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), which remains high after aerobic exercise as well as anaerobic exercise. In addition, lactic acid produced, during strenuous exercise, in muscle cells has to be diverted/oxidized back to other metabolites, which might also contribute to the excess calorie consumption after the workout. These 2 hypotheses however could not completely explain burning of more calories after exercise.


The science behind

Researchers at Harvard University detailed the science behind these hypotheses. They found that endurance induces a hormone which converts white adipose tissue (tissue which stores fat) into brown adipose tissue (tissue which burns fat). Irisin is the hormone produced upon endurance exercise in mice and human subjects which regulates this process. Irisin has been in the news ever since as an exercise hormone. In another study, by the same group, they found the scientific reason why resistance exercise induces muscle hypertrophy. When human subjects performed resistance exercises such as leg press, chest press etc., Insulin like growth factor (a hallmark protein for muscle hypertrophy) production was enhanced.

Interestingly, both the endurance and resistance exercise benefits were under the control of a master protein called PGC1 α. This protein is differentially produced in the body according the nature of the exercise performed. If endurance exercise is performed it produces the beneficial effects of burning fat; if resistance exercise is done muscle hypertrophy results.

PGC1 α is very important protein, a person’s athletic performance is determined in part by it. Genetic mutations in this protein affect athletic performance of the individual.

Kill two birds with one stone: resistance and endurance exercise

It was also reported that PGC1-α is induced at a higher level when resistance (anaerobic) exercise is performed after endurance (aerobic) exercise, which is called concurrent training. Combining both exercises, thus, will have a synergistic effect on overall health.

The future

There has been no golden rule for how much workout has to be done for achieving desirable health benefits- either fat loss or muscle gain. It could be possible, in future, that amount of production might be used as readout for endurance or resistance exercise for each individual. Proper exercise regime and nutritious diet could help maintain general wellbeing and attain dream physique.



About the Author:



Srinivas Aluri is postdoc at Albert Einstein College, NY. He is a fitness enthusiast, exercise and diet expert. He is also an international sports science association certified fitness trainer as well as American Heart Association’s CPR/AED certified professional.

P.S: This article was blogged at an untraceable place. It’s been edited and published here.


Photo source: and Pixabay

Creative Commons License
This work by ClubSciWri is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Gear-up! There’s a science career ahead

in Sci-Pourri by

SriniOn October 27th (2015), I began a survey to understand the thoughts and expectations of a newly minted PhD from India from the perspectives of postdocs working in different fields of science and engineering. The questions were laid out to the members of a career support group (CSG) on Facebook that is comprised of a majority of ex-students of IISc, Bangalore.

My request was:

“Dear Doctoral graduates of the forum, we would like to have your opinion about issues related to dynamics of the postdoc career. Please record your response succinctly (no more than 2-4 lines). We’ll gather, analyze all the responses and present a perspective. This survey “might” be useful current graduates (and many of us) to chalk out plan for the future.”

After a survey that went on for three months, I analyzed the results and clubbed it with the suggestions from various members of the group on similar queries/discussions.

Our 52 respondents had expressed a wide variety of careers as their destination; however, academia still is the major destination for many respondents. Having said that, the combined total response with non-academic careers is also not very far behind. We do need to take this survey from time-to-time in order to have a trend.

As they say, “a picture is worth a thousand words” I present to you a series of bar charts based on the survey questions.


Dest at presentDest at grad

Finding a positionGuidance availabilityGng to India



After studying the response to the questions and following the posts/discussions on the Career Support Group over the last six months I have compiled a list of possible solutions. The list is not exhaustive and I believe that as science evolves as a profession so will these solutions to the new world problems.


Suggestions to graduate students

  • Don’t be afraid of choosing alternative career than academia. If you are planning a career out of academia neither does it mean you give up science and nor that your are not interested in it anymore, it’s just a plan. Do what best you can at graduate level. Plan ahead of time, network with people who followed that path. Bear in mind that not all graduates land in academia, it’s not because they are incapable but because of situations. Be practical, proactive and network with people.
  • Keep all options open, do internships, develop relevant skill set for future job market.
  • Work hard and network extensively and build connections e.g., your linkedIn profile and linkedIn connections.
  • Keep yourselves informed, and take informed career decisions.
  • Keep a watch on the lab you are going with respect to funding and sufficient freedom to execute your thoughts.
  • Do not restrict your life to just the lab, do explore other options by trying short stints in different labs.
  • Form groups of batch mates, friends. You need to be frank and open to discuss what your plans are.
  • Assess your strengths and weaknesses, be true to thyself.


Suggestions to decrease postdoc piling abroad

  • Be realistic, pro-active; think early, brainstorm and network. Follow a structured postdoc
  • Develop country specific skills both in academia and non-academia.
  • Pursue alternate careers such as, joining non-profits, diverge science skill sets into other professions like consultancy, MSL, IP Law, Licensing, Teaching, Biotechnology, and Non profits
  • Reach out to friends and colleagues who have settled into professional niches and explore options.
  • Treating a post doc as a means to an end, and not the destination.
  • Do online courses and short workshops at the industry.


Things which will attract postdocs to go back to India

  • Competitive salaries and good science promoted by 5 year tenure track system
  • Develop alternate career options such as science writing, consultancy, science policy
  • Increase funding for science, open more institutes with world class facilities without jeopardizing the existing system.
  • Attract postdocs for university research and teaching with incentives of research funding with equivalent or more than established institutes.
  • Transparent hiring system and information of hiring should be easily accessible.
  • Relax age limit for entering academia. On an average IISc gives PhD in 6-6.5 years and getting good publications would take around 4-5 years and this may hinder the quality people entry to India which limits by age in many places including IISc.
  • Information on all recruitment notifications of different institutes need to be advertised.


About the author: Srinivas is a folate biochemist at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Bronx, NY) and an alumnus of Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore, India). About his research he says: “I study the role of folate transporters in cancer cell. Folate transporters (FT) also transport anti-folates, which are also anti-cancerous drugs. Major objective involves the study of structure function of FT where I aim to identify high affinity new generation anti-folates and their effect in cancer cells.” (

Photo source: Abhinav Dey

Creative Commons License
This work by ClubSciWri is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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